Francishak Bahushevich
(1840-1900)


Back in Belarus there was a growing understanding of the chance for change. The beginner of New Belarusian Literature Vincent Dunin-Marcinkievich was calling for people education. Young Francishak has joined a school for peasants opened by Alyaksandar Zvyarovich in Docishki, close to Lida. There he met the uprising against Russian tsar of 1863. Francishak participated in uprising until he was wounded in leg. After the suppression of uprising Francishak Bahushevich went into hiding from tsarist gendarmes. He left for Ukrainian town of Nezhyn and was forced to stay away from homeland for 20 years. In 1968 Bagushevich graduates from Nezhyn Law Liceum and later he works at different positions in Ukrainian cities of Chernihyv, Kanatop and others.

Only in 1883 during the coronation of tsar Alexander III there was amnesty of political prisoners - participants of the 1863 uprising lead by Kastus' Kalinouski. Francishak Bahushevich goes back home and opens private law practice. He was very excited by the observations of the national Ukrainian revival while his stay in Ukraine. Bahushevich starts thinking about Belarusian revival

In 1891 Francishak Bahushevich publishes in Krakow (Austria at the time) his book of poetry "Dudka belaruskaya" (Belarusian Fiddle). He uses a pseudonym "Macej Burachok".

Maya dudka

Eh, skruc^u ya dudku!
Takoe zajhrayu,
S^to usim budzie c^utka
Ad krayu da krayu!
Oj! to budzie hrannie,
Yak na pavitannie
I yak na vaselie
Nyadouha tykelie:
Prendtka skonc^u pesni...
Poki dudka tresnie,
Ci pahlohnuc' lyudzi,
Ci vysahnuc' hrudzi,
Sily nadarvucca
Na radasnaj dudca,
I vycyakuc' slyozy
Nasuhiya lozy...
Vyjdzie dus^a paraj,
Padymecca z hmaraj,
Tumanom pa rec^ca,
Rasoj razliecca,
Kalasoc^ki zrosya,
Kab z^yta udalosya.
A hleb z'yaduc' lyudzie,
I znou slyaza budzie.
Nu, dyk graj z^a, dudka,
Kab z^a byla c^utka,
Kab az^ vus^y drala;
Kab ty tak igrala,
Kab zyamlya skakala!
Zahraj tak vasola,
Kab use u kola,
Uzyaus^ysya u boki,
Dy pajshli u skoki,
Yak vihor u polyu -
Az^ vyyuc^y z bolyu,
Kab az^ rahatali,
A usyo skakali...
Kab skakali gory,
Yak falya na mory,
Kab vot yak skakali!
Kab az^ pyl kuryusya,
Kab svet zavaliusya
Dy usyo kruciusya,
Yak u nas^aha brata
U p'yanaha hata...
Ha! C^amu z^ nie hraes^'?
Hiba ty nie znaes^",
Nie vedaes^' hiba,
S^to, yak taya ryba,
Dy na lyodzie b'ecca
Tak vot ya zdaecca,

Sorak hadou b'yusya,
Niyak nie zvyarnusya,
Niyak nie natraplyu,
Vadzicy hoc' kaplyu,
Dy takoj vadzicy,
Dy z takoj krynicy,
S^to yak hto nap'ecca
Dyk vol'nym staecca,
Hraj, vasola z^ hraj
Al'bo dolyu daj!..
............
.............
Enc^ys^' bez umolku!
Nie, ne budzie tolku!
Kinu z^ dudku tuyu,
A zrablyu druhuyu.
Cyaper zrablyu dudku
Ad z^alyu, ad smutku.
Ha! zrablyu z^ druhuyu,
Z^alejku smutnuyu,-
Dy kab tak zahrala,
Kab zyamlya stahnala,
Ot kab yak zahrala:
Kab slyaz'mi prabrala,
Kab az^ bylo z^udka,
Ot to maya dudka!
Vot zrabiu takuyu!
Daj z^a pasprabuyu...
Nu, dyk hraj z^a, hraj z^a,
Usyo spaminaj z^a,,,
S^todzien' i s^tonoc^y
Plac^, yak mae voc^y,
Nad narodu dolyaj,
I plac^ s^toraz bolej.
Plac^ tak da astatka,
Halasi yak matka,
Havayuc^y dzieci,
Dzien', druhi i treci.
Ihraj slyoznym tonam
Nad narodu skonam!
Kab ty tak ihrala,
Kab niemarasc' brala,
Yak slyazy nie stanie,
Zacihnie ihrannie,-
Kin' naukola vokam,
Dyk kryvavym sokam -
Nie slyazoj - zaplac^ys^',
Yak usyo abac^ys*',
Yak kryvi nie stanie,
Tahdy konc^u hrannie!

The first poem "Maya dudka " is a passionate appeal to Belarusians to realize their position, to unite against foreign national domination. The words of the poem sound tragically actual today when Belarus independence is in mortal danger.

After publishing the book Bahushevich starts to write prose. His first story "Trylyalyonachka" was also published in Krakow. There he analyses the processes of disintegration in "postreform" (after 1861 serfdom abolishment) Belarusan village. His next story was so offensive to tsarist regime that Bahushevich published it without title page. Following Dunin-Marcinkievich and "Macej Burachok" young Belarusian intellectuals arisen, writing about the oppression and injustice done to their people.

In his 60 years Bahushevich felt himself to be lucky to live so long. The life of many of his compatriots - Belarusan poets and writers - was short and tragic. A 24-year old Adam Gurynovich died in a prison of Petropavlovskaya Fortress; all tortured with diseases and half-paralyzed died Yanka Luchyna from Miensk: Al'herd Abuhovich died in Slucak shelter. Francishak Bahushevich has died on April 28(15), 1900 in his village of Kushlyany in poverty and without recognition. A month before his death he financed installation of the barelief of Adam Mickievich to commemorate 100-year anniversary of his famous fellow countryman. Such was the path of Belarusian poet, writer and journalist - Francishak Bahushevich, a man who seeked truth and enlightenment for his people at the times of despair and hopelessness.

...O, ya uz^o bac^u dalyoki c^as hety,
Yak adradz^aecca rod c^alavec^y,
Yak lyud yadnaecca z celaha svetu,
Prauda - yahonayu uladaj vec^naj....


References used in this file:

Bahushevich F. "Tvory: Vershy, paema, apavyadanni, artykuly, listy", Minsk, printing house of "Mastackaya Litaratura", 1991.
The facts of biography were extracted from the foreword to the book by Yazep Yanushkievich.
UC Berkeley Library PG 2835.B25 A6 1991 Main


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