Belarusian School of Icon Painting
Middle to second half of XVI century
Wooden board, egg tempera
The icon is currently in the National Art Museum of the Republic of Belarus. This icon was found in one of the churches in Slucak region of Minsk voblasc' in 1921 by an ethnographic expedition. Paraskeva is shown full face. She is wearing red cape with green lining on top of blue chiton with ornamental decoration on the color and cuffs. A 7-end cross is in her right hand and an S-shaped scripted text is in her left. Nimbus, background and signatures are all gold plated. The background is decorated with floral ornament. The fields around the icon are gray.
Paraskeva means actually 5th day of the week in Greek language or Friday. It is just as the result of a misconception among early Eastern Slavs that Paraskeva has transformed into an actual Saint figure - Paraskeva-Friday. There are 4 iconografical derivatives of Paraskeva - celebrated on different days:
n October 28 is a day of Paraskeva- The Great Sufferer
iconographic scheme was created uinder influence of a prinyt "Petca" from the
book of "Minnea Selected" printed in Venice in 1538 (see page 45). THis icon
differs from Russian depictions of Paraskeva of XV-XVI cc. The luscious ornamental relief
is borrowed from Italian textiles and German Gobelin (tapestry), as it is in other icon
"Christ Pantocrator" from the same historical period.
References used in page:
"Ikanapis Belarusi XV-XVIII
stahoddziau"("Icon Painting of Belarus in XV-XVIII centuries"),
Minsk - 1994, publishing house "Belarus",Ed.: N.F. Vysockaia.
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