Belarusian Fine Arts
|Dear readers, this is the Virtual Guide's collection of links to the infornmation about Belarusian art, artists from Belarus and their works on the web. If you know of any interesting web projects related to visual arts in Belarus and would like us to link it in this page - please send us a note.|
|The famous Cross of Saint Efrasinnia was made by Belarusian master Lasar Boksha and presented by St. Efrasinnia to the church of the Holy Saviour in Polacak in 1161. This relic of belarusan culture has disappeared during WWII and is now searched for. The cross depicted on the right is a recently made replica of disappeared sacred cross of St. Efrasinnia.|
|llustration of the Bible that Skaryna had printed in the Belarusan vernacular in 1517-1519. Belarusan school|
|Belarusian School of Icon Painting||- our new pages with some detailed descriptions of Belarusian Icon masterpieces of XVI-XVIII cc.|
were three main art schools in Belarus in late XIX - earlyXX cc.:
Marc Chagall (native of Vitebsk) was apointed Vitebsk region Commissar of Arts in 1918 and founded later becoming famous Academy of Fine Arts in Vitebsk, Belarus in 1919-1921. Marc Chagall became its director. He was later replaced by another ingenious artist - Kazimir Malevich.
(1735 - 1822)
|famous portrait artist,, one of first Academicians in Academy of Arts of Russian Empire,|
(1758 - 1826)
|historical, religious and portrait artist, one of first Academicians in Academy of Arts of Russian Empire.
|A 200th anniversary of birth of Belarusian artist Napoleon Orda is being celebrated in Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia and Poland in 2007 under the auspice of UNESCO. Napoleon Orda was born in estate of Varacevichy near Brest onn Feb. 11, 1807.He had left more than 1000 drawings and watercolors of Belarusian landscapes and architectural landmarks. He had been expelled as a student from university for participation in secret student society "Zarane" Later he had participated in unsuccessful uprising of 1830-1831 against Russian Empire. After suppression of the uprising he emigrated to France. In France he was director of Italian Opera in Paris in mid 1840ies. In 1856 he returned to his estate Varacevichy in Belarus. He lived in Hrodna during another uprising against Russian Tsar in 1860-1863. Died on Apr. 26, 1883..||
|Hrucki (Хруцкий)||- the artist belonged to peredvizhniki (Traveling Arts Exhibits) movement.|
is most famous as the first
teacher of Marc Chagall. Born in then Novo-Alexandrovsk (now Zarasai,
Lithuania) on June 5, 1854 he had first moved to Dvinsk (now Daugavpils,
Latvia). He studied art in St. Peterburg's Academy of Arts. P.P.Chistyakov
(1832 -1919), who taught Pen, is known not only as a remarkable Russian
artist but also as a talented educator. For twenty years, from 1872 to
1892, he was an assistant professor of painting at the Academy of Arts,
and schooled Ilya Repin, Isaac Asknasii, Mikhail Vrubel, Valenlin Serov
and Vasily Surikov, all of whom always spoke of their instructor with love
and respect.. After
studies at Academy Baron N. N. Korf, invited the Pen to work on his
estate outside of Kreizburg, a township halfway between Vitebsk and Dvinsk.
In the year of Pen's arrival at the Baron's estate, Ilya
Repin, a leading figure of Russian realistic art at the turn of
the century, bought
the Zdravnevo estate outside Vitebsk. He moved there with his
family in May 1892 and lived there, except during the winters, until 1896.
Repin had met Pen at the Academy of Arts and had spoken favorably of his younger colleague's works. Pen visited Zdravnevo on many occasions and received visits from Repin in turn. The landscape artist Yuri Klever (1850-1924), who was renown at that time and also a graduate of the St. Petersburg Academy, lived in neighboring Vitebsk. Zdravnevo, where many artists came, including those from Vitebsk to visit Repin, was make new friends among his contemporaries. Thus, living in Kreizburg, he was in no way secluded from news of artistic life nor deprived of "professional" contacts. On the contrary, Pen could establish business contacts in Vitebsk in those years and find patrons among the local Jewish bourgeoisie.
and later settled for live in Vitebsk, Belarus. It is here he had started his famous school of drawing. .Pen's private school existed until Marc Chagall opened the пublic Higher School of Art in 1918. He invited his first teacher to head Нe of the studios in it. After the Higher School became an institute, Pen, in addition to teaching, also served as vice-rector. Despite the lactless attacks made on him by Malevich, Pen was invariably trealed with love and respect by students, many of whom often came to his classes, though working in other studios.
This year Belarus has marked 150th anniversary of the artist in Vitebsk.
|UNOVIS - Affirmers of the New Art
Schrickler writes about UNOVIS artistic movement:
relatively short-lived, UNOVIS--the acronym for the Russian translation of "Affirmers
of the New Art"--was an organization of art students and professors dedicated to the
exploration of new theories and concepts in art, aiming to shape the new Soviet society
through art. Founded in Vitebsk, Belorussia, in January of 1920, under the name POSNOVIS,
the group produced a number of projects and publications whose effects on the avant-garde
in Russia and abroad were immediate and far-reaching. With a membership which included El
Lissitzky, Kazimir Malevich, Nikolai Suetin, Ilia Chashnik, Vera Ermolaeva, Anna Kagan,
Lev Yudin and others, the group put itself at the service of the revolution st and
reflective of the new Soviet society.
|Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935)||Belarusian
painter and designer, with Mondrian the most important pioneer of geometric abstract art.
Malevich was born February 26, 1878, near Kiev. He studied at the Moscow Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture in 1903. During the early years of his career, he experimented with various Modernist styles and participated in avant-garde exhibitions, such as those of the Moscow Artists Association, which included Vasily Kandinsky and Mikhail Larionov, and the Jack of Diamonds exhibition of 1910 in Moscow. Malevich showed his Primitivist paintings of peasants at the exhibition Donkeys Tail in 1912. After this exhibition, he broke with Larionovs group. In 1913, with composer Mikhail Matiushin and writer Alexei Kruchenykh, Malevich drafted a manifesto for the First Futurist Congress. That same year, he designed the sets and costumes for the opera Victory over the Sun by Matiushin and Kruchenykh. Malevich showed at the Salon des Independants in Paris in 1914. At the 0.10: The Last Futurist Exhibition in Petrograd in 1915, Malevich introduced his non-objective, geometric Suprematist paintings. In 1919, he began to explore the three-dimensional applications of Suprematism in architectural models. Following the Russian Revolution in 1917, Malevich and other advanced artists were encouraged by the Soviet government and attained prominent administrative and teaching positions. Malevich began teaching at the Vitebsk Popular Art School in 1919; he soon became its director. In 191920, he was given a solo show at the Sixteenth State Exhibition in Moscow, which focused on Suprematism and other non-objective styles. Malevich and his students at Vitebsk formed the Suprematist group Unovis. From 1922 to 1927, he taught at the Institute of Artistic Culture in Petrograd, and between 1924 and 1926 he worked primarily on architectural models with his students. In 1927, Malevich traveled with an exhibition of his paintings to Warsaw and also went to Berlin, where his work was shown at the Grosse Berliner Kunstausstellung. In Germany, he met Jean Arp, Naum Gabo, Le Corbusier, and Kurt Schwitters and visited the Bauhaus , where he met Walter Gropius. The Tretiakov Gallery in Moscow gave Malevich a solo exhibition in 1929. Because of his connections with German artists, he was arrested in 1930 and many of his manuscripts were destroyed. In his final period, he painted in a representational style. Malevich died May 15, 1935, in Leningrad.
(1887 - 1985)
Photo by Patrick Gérin
to Liliya Pavlova, an artist from Vitebsk, Belarus:
"Marc Chagall was born on July the 7th, 1887 in Vitebsk.(More) His father was a salesman of herring. There were eight children in his family, Marc Chagall was the first-born. He got his primary education at cheder (Judaic primary school). In autumn, 1900 Marc Chagall went to the town's four-year trade school. At the age of 17 he left this school. At that time M. Chagall got greatly interested in painting. The famous Vitebsk artist Juriy (Judel) Pen admitted the young man in his studio. Marc Chagall attended the studio for only two months where he copied plaster heads and ornaments according his teacher's instructions. Despite the short course of studies he adored his teacher up to the last days of his life.
After his studies under J.Pen 's guidance Marc Chagall began to work as a retoucher But painting remained the main thing in the life of this young man. He made sketches together with J.Pen and in 1907 Marc Chagall went to St.Petersburg to continue his studies. He tried to enter Baron Stiglits's School of Arts and Trades but failed. Then he entered the school of the Arts Encouragement Society where Nikolai Rerich was his teacher. Marc Chagall spent two years in this school. Later he called those years lost without any benefit. In 1910 he began to attend the Art School of Ekaterine Zvantseva. Leon Bakst and Mstislav Dobuzinsky were his teachers there. But the famous Russian lawyer and public figure Maxim Vinaker was the first to notice and singled out beginner-artist Marc Chagall, and become its patron. In autumn 1910 he granted Marc Chagall a monthly scholarship of 125 francs for his studies in France. Marc Chagall moved in the famous Hive on Montparnasse in Paris. Already in May, 1914 the personal exhibition of Marc Shagall was organized in the Berlin gallery . A month later he returned to Russia. On the 25th of July, 1915 Marc Chagall married Bella (Berta) Rosenfeld, the daughter of a jeweller. Marc Chagall loved his Bella ardently for 29 years of their life. (More) She was not only a beloved women, the mother of his daughter, the mistress of his home for him but inspiration as well.
Returning to Russia in summer 1914 to marry Bella Marc Chagall couldn't get back to France because of the beginning of the First World War. He was mobilized and served in Petrograd (former St. Petersburg) in the Central Industry-Military Committee where the brother of his wife was head of the department. The October Communist Revolution of 1917 caught Marc Chagall in Petrograd. A post in the Culture Ministry was offered to him but he preferred to return to Vitebsk. Marc Chagall arrived at Vitebsk as an Art commissar of the Vitebsk region. The main goal of Marc Chagall was the foundation of Art School in Vitebsk. It was opened on the 28th of January, 1918 due to the great enthusiasm and efforts of Marc Chagall. Mstislav Dobuzinsky, Marc Chagall 's teacher in St. Petersburg, was the head of this Art School. Marc Chagall directed one of the studios. But soon Mstislav Dobuzinsky returned to Petrograd and Marc Chagall became the head of the school. All trends of painting were represented in his school, Kasimir Malevitch who became the most popular artist in Vitebsk was one of the lecturers. On the 29th of June, 1920 Marc Chagall and his family left Vitebsk for Moscow. He had no suspicion that he would never see his native town anymore.
At the end of May, 1921 the artist went to Kaunas for his exhibition organization. In summer 1922 Marc Chagall went from Kaunas to Berlin. There he got acquainted with a picture gallery owner and publisher P. Kassirer who intended to publish Marc Chagall's memoirs with the author's illustrations. But in 1923 Kassirer was able to publish only illustrations as there were problems connected with the translation of the memoirs into German. The complete publication of Marc Chagall's memoirs was realized in 1931 by the Paris public-house . The translation of the text into French was done by Bella Chagall.
For many years Marc Cagall stayed in France. In 1941 he came to USA happily kept out of Nazi way. When Marc Chagall learned that Vitebsk was completely ruined and lost nearly all its population during the Second World War he published in one of US newspapers. Vitebsk streets and squares, houses and lovers are present in many pictures of Marc Chagall.
During his long life (he died at the age of 98) Marc Chagall experienced a lot of: failure and success, poverty and richness, indifference and the world fame. But he was deprived of only one thing - acknowledgment in his motherland. It caused him much suffering. But times flies and in January, 1991 the first Marc Chagall Festival took place in Vitebsk. In June, 1992 the monument to Marc Chagall was erected in his native Pokrovskaja street and a memorial inscription was done on the wall of his house. Marc Chagall plain-air and musical festivals are held in Vitebsk annually as well."
Marc Chagall died in St-PAUL-DE-VENCE (FRANCE) 1985
SOUTINE - SMILOVITCHI (BIÉLORUSSIE)
1894 - PARIS (FRANCE) 1943
Belarusian-French painter Chaim Soutine
was born in Smilavichy in 1893. He was
the tenth of eleven children of a poor Jewish clothes mender Zalma (Salomon) and of Sarah
Sutin. In 1907 Soutine attended the courses of drawing in Minsk. A Jewish artist named
Kruger, Director of the School taught him the elementary aspects of work as an artist.
There he met an art
Belarusian-French painter and sculptor Pinchus Kremegne was born in Zhaludok, Belarus in 1896. According to Ul.
- GOMEL (BIÉLORUSSIE) 1892 - PARIS (FRANCE)
Belarusian-French painter Michel Kikoine was born in Rechytsa near Homel in 1892. Later, when Kikoine was 15 years old, he met Chaime Soutine at Kruger's School of Drawing in Mensk. One year later, they were both studying art in Vilna, and in 1911 Kikoine left for Paris. There, he was admitted to l'Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux -Arts and moved into La Ruche, where he met the other members of the School of Paris. In 1914, he married Rosa Bunimovich, a girl from Vilna. They had two children, one of whom, Jankel Jacques, became a painter in his own right and still lives and works in Paris.
(Smolensk 1890-1967 Paris)
Famous Belarusian-French sculptor Ossip Zadkine was a sculptor of Russian descent who spent most of his life in France during which time he did most of his best work. Since his sculptures did not begin to sell well until the late 1920’s, Zadkine originally supported himself with his works on paper, and it was the acquisition of a whole batch of such works by Zborowski, who at the time acted as Modigliani’s dealer, that enab-ledZadkine to leave Paris and relocate to Bruniquel, in the Tarne-et- Garonne. The Montparnasse era also saw Zadkine’s first contacts with Belgian and Dutch artists, and with the Brussels Centaure Gallery, which first put him in touch with Belgian collectors and led to an increasingly significant presence of his work in Belgian collections. In a 1933 retrospective organised by the Brussels Musée des Beaux-Arts, a full third of the works on paper exhibited came from Belgium (cf: Voilier et Port). While North American interest in his work as a sculptor was pro-nounced from a very early date, the accompanying transport pro-blems favoured the sale of his works on paper, as evidenced by the major Chicago Art Club exhibitions in 1930 and particularly in 1936, which consisted entirely of such works. Between 1924 and 1925, during his visits to Italy, Zadkine realised a considerable number of gouaches, and the profundity (?) of Lake Como and the local palette influence many of his works from this period.
|School of Paris -
Ecole de Paris
|Read about the
famous Jewish artists from Belarus who had
emigrated to France in early XX c.: Marc
Chagall, Chaim Soutine, Ossip Zadkine, Jacques Lipchitz, Michel Kikoine, Pinchus Kremegne,
Simon Segal, Mane-Katz. Most of them were graduates or in some way related to the school of Yury (Yehuda) Pen
in Vitebsk. See also this page about Yehuda Pen
and his school of painting from Liliya Pavlova.
Also these Jewish artists emigrated to Paris from Belarus:
I understand that listing artists from Vilna (currently Vilnius in Lithuania) and Belastok (currently Bialy Stock in Poland) as Belarusian is controversial. But at the time of emigration both of the cities were culturally predominantly Belarusian, the areas are mostly populated by Belarusians and at some point both cities were officially part of Belarus - Vilna in 1939-1940 and Belastok in 1944-1954.
|El Lissitzky (1890-1941)
||Born in 1890 in
Smolensk, Lissitzky went to Germany to study architecture in Darmstadt. He returned to
Russia when Marc Chagall invited him to teach at the Vitebsk Art School. El (Elizar or Lazar or
Eliezer) Marcovich Lissitzky was a designer, typographer, artist, photographer, architect,
and teacher (among other jobs). He had a great influence on the design work from the
Bauhaus and De Stijl movements, and on modern commercial art and design. He was strongly
influenced by the art of Kazimir Malevich during their work in Vitebsk Academy of Art.
"Lissitzky grew up in Vitebsk, the hometown of Chagall, and studied architecture in the Polytechnic school in Darmstadt between 1909 and 1914.
He then went to Moscow where he began to work as an architect. He also began to illustrate Jewish books for children in 1917, at first in a style influenced by Chagall and produced popular prints as well.
In 1919 he was appointed professor of architecture and applied art at the art school in Vitebsk, where Malevich was a colleague, and collaborated with him in the Unovis group. More
He began to make abstract pictures, which he called Prouns, as the interchange station between painting and architecture. Lissitzky was sent to Berlin in 1921 to establish contacts between artists in the USSR and Germany. There he met Schwitters, Moholy-Nagy, van Doesburg and many others, and has his first one-man exhibition at the Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, in 1923
He also designed books and periodicals with radical innovations in typography and photomontage. Lissitzky went to Switzerland in 1924 and returned to Moscow a year later. He then devoted himself to designing, periodicals and exhibition displays, including an exhibition room for the Landesmuseum, Hanover, and the Soviet pavilions for several international exhibitions. "
|Ossip Lubitch||Ossip LUBITCH - GRODNO (BIELORUSSIE) 1896 - PARIS (FRANCE) 1990|
(1875 - 1957)
|On Marc Chagall invitation Dobuzhinsky take part in organization of Vitebsk Artistic-Practical Institute and the Vitebsk Art Museum. Died in New York 20 November 1957.|
|Jacques Chapiro||Jacques CHAPIRO - DVINSK (BIELORUSSIE) 1887 - PARIS 1972|
||Cubist Composition, 1920 from the Cubism page of Asada Gallery.|
||The artist's work was reflecting Belarusian national liberation movement. He is depicted with his painting "Pahonia" - the symbol of the Grand Duche of Lithuania and Belarus. The painting on the left is entiotled "Greeting of the Martian Spring"|
|Ferdinand Ruschytz "Land"|
Serhievich "On the way of life"
|- in London.|
|- in Paris.|
currently in Europe
|- currently in Italy? - surrealist.|
|Vladimir Vishnevsky|| - Professor of Belarusian Academy of Arts, surrealist.
|Barys Malkin||- a page about belarusian artist maintained by his son.|
|Contemporary Belarusian Art|
|Dmitry Surinovich,||Phone in Minsk 66-79-09|
Belarusian artist living in the village of Valily near Bialy Stok, Poland.
This Padlasse area is historically populated by Belarusians and
became part of Poland in 1919. He is currently considered one of the
leading artists of Poland. Left is his art project in Plaza Real of
Barcelona during "Polacos. Nowa sztuka z Polski" project, 2002.
See also these links:
|Alhierd Malisheuski||1970ies- 1980ies|
|Matvej Basov, and also his father Israel Basov (died)||Minsk|
||- born in Minsk (Belarus) on October 15, 1935. Since 1980 to date lives and works in Paris., Paris.|
|Modern Art of Belarus||Biographies and galleries of more than 100 modern Belarusian artists|
|Art-375||Art zine from Minsk, Belarus|
|Belarusian Artists list||An extensive list from the Academy of Science of Belarus|
|Kingdom of Belarus||- artistic movement|
|Sergey Grinevich||Born in Hrodna, Belarus. Currently in St. Petersburg, Russia|
|Sergey Lapsha||Born in Minsk. Currently in Israel and all over the World.|
|Natalya Zaloznaia||Her page at Royden Prior Gallery of Contemporary European Art|
|Sergey Prasalovich||Currently in Minsk, Belarus|
|Siarzhuk Cimohau||Winner of Gran Prix of the 7th International Biennale of Illustrations in Belgrade in 2003.|
|Artur Klinau||web site by Liavon Yurevich .|
art critic, Lenina Mironava is a professor of coloristics and color science of the
Belarusian Academy of Arts, the author of many articles on color in the
art. She has published two books on color. Her last book - Color in painting - is a unique edition, which does not
have analogues in the theory of arts. The book is unfortunately published
only in Russian and in quantity of 1000. But the book is unique also in
that it performs theoretical analysis of color in paintings from most
ancient times till today for the first time, including Near East, Japan,
China. Lenina Mironava currently prepares a new book with her own artwork.
Her phone in Minsk
|Alieh Hadyka||Belarusian art critic|
|Photoscope.by||Great website covering the history and contemporary state of Belarusian photography.|
|Photo Underground||Site from Belarus|
|G. Lihtarovich||Photo Gallery of Minsk|
Traditional Folk Arts and Crafts
|Gallery "U Majstra"||A highly acclaimed gallery in Hrodna. I've been there myself, it's a great place. You can order some belarusan folk art from them too (straw figures, wooden sculptures, ceramics, etc).|
|Belarusian Souvenirs||an on-line store of some fine examples of Belarusian Folk Crafts|
|Hand painted eggs from Belarus|
|Belarusian School of Ceramics|
Applied Art and Design
|Belarusian Decorative Applied Art||- A page on history of Belarusian Applied Art from Belarusian Academy of Sciences - a nice review.|
|Style Rugs Gallery||- rugs and carpets from Biarescie (Brest), BELARUS.|
|Anna Balash||Costume and puppet design.|
|They have won Gran Prix on prestigeous Warsaw International Poster Biennale|
|Drawings by Children of Chernobyl||A charitable gallery of drawings by children affected by Chernobyl disater. You can purchase some works to support Chernobyl Relief programs.|
|Dr. Larissa Shakinko|
Other Sites About Belarusian Art
|Wooden Sculpture of Belarus||- Belarusian postal stamps series.|
Virtual Guide to Belarus would like to express our gratitude to Belarusian artist Siarhej Lapsha for his comments and suggestions on this page.
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