to a legend Vitebsk was founded in 974 by Princess
Olga of Kiev after successful campaign against the Baltic
tribe Jacviahi. But the first information about the town in chronicles was
in 1021. At that time it was Northern outpost of Polacak
Principality. Vitebsk became part of the Grand
Duchy of Lithuania in 1320 and its citizens obtained some merchant
privileges and a self-government. In 1597 Vitebsk was granted the Magdeburg Code
of Law. It became part of Russian Empire in 1772, then later was in
USSR. Today Vicebsk is a city with population of 350,000 (1989),
administrative center of Vicebsk region in Northern Belarus, on the Western
Dzvina (Zahodniaia Dzvina) river. It's a river port and large railroad junction
in an agricultural district. Manufactures include machine tools, electrical
instruments, processed food, textiles, and building materials.
by Kirill Yurchenko
Vicebsk in Marc Chagall paintings
Vicebsk Art School page by Liliya Pavlova
Vitebsk.net maintained directly from Vitebsk.
Vitebsk.by - Vicebsk city portal (in Russian). The site also hosts Vicebsk Chagall House Museum pages (in English).
Vitebsk Information Server - from Vitebsk State Telecom Company (in Russian).
Viciebsk Obl. Telecom - Vicebsk main telecommunication company.
Article on Vitebsk from Midlink Magazine.
Vitebsk - a collection of links and info by Ed Sternin at Jewishgen.
Vitebsk - interesting personal account of Jewish childhood in Vicebsk and emigration to France by Immanuel Velikovsky